The Meiji Government is the new central governing authority in Japan, formed immediately after the bakumatsu in 1867 to replace the abolished Tokugawa Bakufu. It is made up of politicians and ex-samurai from the victorious Ishin Shishi-related domains of Satsuma and Chōshū as well as the young Emperor Meiji.

Rather than adhering to traditional methods of class-based governance, the Meiji government is marked by a focus on centralization, military modernization, and the adoption of Western practices. However, while these new processes promise a new era of peace, prosperity, and equality for the people of Japan, the problems inherent in their installation would require a great deal of time, effort, and money to resolve, leaving room for bureaucratic mishandling, political corruption, and violent revolt.

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